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磁巴克豪森噪声技术的发展现状
          
The Development Status of Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Technique

摘    要
磁巴克豪森噪声(MBN,Magnetic Barkhausen Noise)技术可以用来评估铁磁性材料一定深度内的微观组织结构变化、应力状态、微损伤缺陷等,是实现对材料疲劳、微裂纹等早期性能退化及应力状态评估的一项重要无损检测技术,工程应用前景广阔。简述了MBN技术的基本原理,综述了国内外MBN技术的研究现状,包括材料应力检测、金属疲劳状态分析、金属微观组织和晶粒度分析、材料硬度测量、材料表面处理工艺评价、与常规无损检测方法的比对等方面的内容,介绍了国内外相关检测仪器和检测标准,指出了MBN检测技术的发展趋势。
标    签 磁巴克豪森噪声   无损检测   铁磁性材料   疲劳   综述   MBN   NDT   Ferromagnetic material   Fatigue   Review  
 
Abstract
Magnetic Barkhausen Noise (MBN) technique is a Nondestructive Testing (NDT) method capable of detecting the microstructure transformation, stress concentration and damage in ferromagnetic material. It can be used to assess the fatigue damage, the variation of microstructure, and the stress statue for ferromagnetic structure at the early stage. The research of MBN technique at present is reviewed in this paper, including magnetic material testing on stress, analyzing the fatigue stage of magnetic material, analyzing the metallographic structure, testing the surface hardness value, evaluating the surface treatment quality, and the comparision with other NDT methods. The MBN equipments and the standards are introduced in this paper and meanwhile, the development tendency of MBN technique is indicated.

中图分类号 TG115.28   DOI 10.11973/wsjc201607016

 
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所属栏目 综 述

基金项目 铁磁性金属材料疲劳状态磁性无损检测方法研究资助项目(51377173)

收稿日期 2016/5/9

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备注沈功田(1963-),男,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究方向为声发射、红外和电磁等无损检测新技术

引用该论文: SHEN Gong-tian,ZHENG Yang,JIANG Zheng-pei,TAN Ji-dong. The Development Status of Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Technique[J]. Nondestructive Testing, 2016, 38(7): 66~74
沈功田,郑阳,蒋政培,谭继东. 磁巴克豪森噪声技术的发展现状[J]. 无损检测, 2016, 38(7): 66~74


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