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同位素内标-气相色谱-质谱法测定婴幼儿配方乳粉中缩水甘油脂肪酸酯的含量
          
Determination of Glycidic Fatty Esters in Infant Formula Milk Powder by Isotopic Internal Standard-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

摘    要
将奶粉样品(4.000 0 g)的氨性乙醇溶液用乙醚(25,15,15 mL)和石油醚(25,15,15 mL)先后3次提取其脂肪;合并上层液相,蒸发除去溶剂后于(100±2) ℃烘干,于4 ℃保存。称取上述脂肪(0.100 0 g) 2份,分别置于塑料管A和B中[A管用于测定3-氯-1,2-丙二醇(3-MCPD)酯和由缩水甘油酯转化的3-MCPD的含量,B管用于测定3-MCPD酯的含量],于两管中各加叔丁基甲基醚-乙酸乙酯(8+2)混合液500 μL及2.00 mg·L-1 d5-3-MCPD棕榈酸二酯标准溶液100 μL,再加0.1 mol·L-1甲醇钠-甲醇溶液1.0 mL进行水解,5 min后立即向A管中加入中和剂C1 200 μL,并控制酸度在pH 1.0左右;同时向B管中加入中和剂C2 100 μL,控制其酸度在pH 4.0左右,使水解反应终止。在A管及B管中各加正己烷3 mL提取,以除去油脂类杂质。取下层水相经硅藻土小柱净化,用乙酸乙酯(3,3,15 mL)洗脱3次,合并洗脱液并蒸干,加异辛烷2 mL溶解残渣。于此溶液中迅速加入七氟丁酰基咪唑100 μL使衍生化,30 min后加入饱和氯化钠溶液2 mL使反应终止。取上清液进样进行同位素内标法气相色谱-质谱分析。按公式以差量法计算缩水甘油脂肪酸酯(GEs)的含量。GEs的线性范围为13.4~402 μg·L-1,检出限(3S/N)为0.015 mg·kg-1。测得回收率为95.2%~103%,测定值的相对标准偏差(n=6)小于4.0%。
标    签 气相色谱-质谱法   同位素内标   缩水甘油脂肪酸酯   婴幼儿配方乳粉   GC-MS   isotopic internal standard   glycidic fatty ester   infant formula milk powde  
 
Abstract
Sample of milk powder (4.000 0 g) was extracted thrice with ether (25, 15, 15 mL) and petroluem ether (25, 15, 15 mL) in succession to have the fat separated into the ether upper layers, which were combined and evaporated to dryness and dried at (100±2)℃. The dried fat was kept at 4℃. Two portions of the fat were weighed (0.100 0 g) and placed separately into 2 plastic tubes, marked A and B. To both of the tubes, 500 μL of a mixture of tert-butyl methyl ether and ethyl acetate (8+2) and 100 μL of 2.00 mg·L-1 d5-3-MCPD dipalmitate standard solution were added and both of the solutions in Tube A and Tube B were hydrolyzed for exactly 5 min by adding 1.0 mL of 0.1 mol·L-1 sodium methylate-methanol solution. At the end of 5 min, 200 μL of neutralizing solution C1 and 100 μL of neutralizing solution C2 were added immediately to the solutions in Tube A (pH 1.0) and Tube B (pH 4.0) respectively, to stop the hydrolytic reaction. The solutions in the 2 tubes were extracted separately with 3 mL of n-hexane to remove fatty impurities. The lower aqueous phases were taken and treated separately by passing through a micro-column packed with diatomite and eluting thrice with 3, 3, 15 mL of ethyl acetate successively. The eluates were combined and evaporated to dryness, and the residue was taken up with 2 mL of isooctane. 100 μL of HFBI were added to each of the 2 solutions from Tube A and B separately and derivatization was carried out for 30 min and stopped exactly at the end of 30 min by adding 2 mL of saturated NaCl solution. Supernatant from Tube A was used for determination of ester of 3-MCPM and 3-MCPD transformed from glycidic ester in total and supernatant from Tube B was used for determination of ester of 3-MCPD. Both of the determinations were carried out by GC-MS with isotopic internal standard. Amount of glycidic aftty ester (GE's) in the sample was found by substraction as shown by the formula given. The linearity range for GEs was found between 13.4 to 402 μg·L-1, with detection limit (3S/N) of 0.015 mg·kg-1. Values of recovery and RSD (n=6) found were ranged from 95.2% to 103% and less than 4.0% respectively.

中图分类号 O657.63   DOI 10.11973/lhjy-hx201807001

 
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所属栏目 试验与研究

基金项目 上海市质量监督检验技术研究院科技项目(KY-2017-5-SP);上海市科学技术委员会科研计划项目(16142201800);中国食品科学技术学会食品科技基金-雅培食品营养与安全专项科研基金(2017-17)

收稿日期 2017/7/22

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备注胡守江,硕士,主要研究方向为食品检测新技术

引用该论文: HU Shoujiang,ZHOU Jing,ZHANG Ni,ZHOU Yaobin,ZHAO Yanju,YE Qing. Determination of Glycidic Fatty Esters in Infant Formula Milk Powder by Isotopic Internal Standard-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry[J]. Physical Testing and Chemical Analysis part B:Chemical Analysis, 2018, 54(7): 745~751
胡守江,周静,张妮,周耀斌,赵艳菊,叶青. 同位素内标-气相色谱-质谱法测定婴幼儿配方乳粉中缩水甘油脂肪酸酯的含量[J]. 理化检验-化学分册, 2018, 54(7): 745~751


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参考文献
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【2】OZCAGLI E, ALPERTUNGA B, FENGA C, et al. Effects of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and its metabolites on DNA damage and repair under in vitro conditions[J]. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2016,89:1-7.
 
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【4】周勇强,李昌,聂少平,等.气相色谱-质谱联用法测定食用油中3-MCPD脂肪酸酯[J].中国粮油学报, 2014,29(3):110-113.
 
【5】刘京,张晖,王瑛瑶,等.液相色谱-质谱法测定食用植物油中缩水甘油酯的含量[J].食品工业科技, 2014,35(15):308-311.
 
【6】傅武胜,严小波,吕华东,等.气相色谱/质谱法测定植物油中脂肪酸氯丙醇酯[J].分析化学, 2012,40(9):1329-1335.
 
【7】李珊,易青,苗虹,等.同位素稀释-气相色谱-质谱法测定食用植物油中总氯丙醇脂肪酸酯[J].分析化学, 2016,44(6):893-900.
 
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